The 4 Basic Elements Of Landscaping

Landscaping is an art and to succeed in it, you need to be passionate. Landscaping encompasses all the activities done on an area to improve its aesthetic appeal.For everything to come out perfect, the process of beautifying an area involves human elements (fences, buildings, and other structures) living elements (plants or animals), and abstract elements such as weather.

Most homeowners and professional landscapers design their landscaping based on four main principles; color, line, form, and scale. Successful landscaping depends on how well these elements have been combined.

The 4 Basic Elements Of Landscaping


Treat landscaping the way you dress. Do you put all the colors of the rainbow on your body? No, you don’t. You always choose your dressing carefully so the color can match. Colors used to beautify an area must complement to establish harmony. Landscaping is an art, and thus, the principles of color theory are to be used.

A professional landscaper normally uses a color wheel to find out which color(s) would be appropriate in a certain area. Adjacent colors are picked to display unity while opposite colors are used to demonstrate contrast.

Form and Line

Form and line are about shape and arrangement of various items used. Plants, flowers and other structures may be arranged either horizontally or vertically. Others items can take upright, columnar, archingor oval shapes to improve the outdoor appearance.


The scale covers the dimensions of all the elements used to improve the look of the surrounding. The best scale will maintain appropriate proportions of all the components used. While dealing with scale, you must ensure plants used are of almost similar heights and shape; no anomalies. The distance between structures or plants should be uniform.


This refers to how all the elements included fit together to make a whole. It’s about achieving aproper balance in everything. For instance, the colors used must not conflict. Plants must be planted in a regular pattern and be well-spaced.Principles of minimalism have to be applied to avoid everything looking like they been crumpled up in a small space.

Planning ahead makes everything easier

Planning is the gist of everything. Before you think of landscaping your garden, coming up with a blueprint of the whole process can ensure everything runs smoothly. First, take a look at your resources. What’s available? What tools will be needed?


The next stage will be to measure the space available and write down all the activities to be done like lawn maintenance. Visit the internet or gardening magazines and check for some of the best designs you can imitate or modify.

During the implementation stage, remember to be resourceful. This just means making use of some items you already own like bamboo fountains, plants, and other things. Landscaping doesn’t have to turn into ashopping spree. Cut the cost by using what you have. Borrowing some items from your friend, relative or neighbor is advisable as well.